How To Evaluate "Facilitator Capability"

Facilitator capability evaluation can be prepared by “self assessment” and by local communities. Both are highly recommended although in practice is very difficult to do so. Even an experienced project consultants are often confused when asked how to begin the evaluation process.

One effort is to obtain a process within the society itself. Of course with communication techniques based on what is presented or seen, felt and smelled at that time. In the evaluation it is usually disclosed the impacts of facilitation by facilitators who came to the village. Say, what appears in the village from the beginning of facilitation. Then, what impact in the emergence process.

For the latter, we often call it the “turning point” of facilitation. Perhaps also, first, local people will say “Before facilitator coming we slept”. Where and when they wake up?. So the “turning point” is the first, from sleep to awake.

Second, perhaps in the village there are some issues such as flooding, savings and credit activities etc, and it cannot be solved by the community but need policy of local government, the “turning point” is how the stakeholders to find out the solution. For facilitators who have a record of the agenda and time line facilitation would be very easy to detect at which point, there is interaction and joint action.

For facilitators who actually carry out its duties and functions, may be very easy if you use input or the input of society by looking at the “turning point” activities that arise. Although in fact, there is also a good case but just a nice coincidence, or “good luck”.

The simplest thing is to try to review the evaluation process by building a few factual questions or real. No need of complex or hard to see what inputs and their impact but ask people who tell stories. This technique is once again depending on who the interviewer, if they can understand or not?


Facilitators and Their Failures

Lots of programs or international projects scheme has been implemented during the last two decades but seemingly in-effective or no significant impacts recorded. Problems found during the implementation, which is more complex than ever. The involvement of NGO facilitators in project has not been successful. This situation cannot be separated from the perspective and the capacity of NGOs, donor and government staff itself.

NGO for example, as a “space filler” between community organizations and government, their capacity apparently is a key factor to test how capable they are in mediating the situation in the community when dealing with outsiders.

If the example of “village” as an arena or battle field of ideas of development, many examples from the field prove that often face a complex situation coming from both villager or from outsider.

For example; perhaps there are those among us (on behalf of the provincial department of education unit) if come to the village will ask, “what is the main problems in the village.” Because the visitors dress uniform from Education Office, villagers will certainly say “no school or no teachers.”

And, when someone comes and asking, -say the forestry official uniform-.”What is the main problems  of this village?” Of course with spontaneous community (which could be the same person in the first case, would say, “We need seed or pine trees”, for example.

Staff or the community facilitators cannot dismiss an answer like this because community has been accustomed the problem and asked “what do you need?” “What exactly this village needs.”

How do I avoid if there is such a thing? To avoid this, let say, what is the best question or fit? It is clear that the outlook and good communication techniques of facilitators from NGOs or frontline staff need to be a common concern.

A friend who had some experience with the villagers might be very easy to approach and to develop the ideas.  As usual, when you come to the village and meeting with them, just introduce and ask with a fine, polite and appropriate.

Start with a very short question, “what are you doing, what is this”. If you see they are gardening ask the names of plants and how much came from each type of plant, and so on. Maybe after that will come the others and they all happy to explain and as facilitators we just need to develop questions than explain.

If citizens are asked whether “problem” of course they will solid in answering, “yes that is my problem”.  So please don’t ask them about their problem!

The Man Behind the Film "The Mirror Never Lies"

Hugua, Head of Wakatobi District (Photo: Matanews)

Enthusiastically, I watched film “The Mirror Never Lies” on Thursday, May 12, 2011 in Studio 3, Mal Panakukang. The film exposed the phenomenon of Bajo community in a frame of an atmospheric remotes island in the Wakatobi Marine National Park, Southeast Sulawesi.

The story starts from a curse on the mirror. Pakis, young girl who lost her father who believes still alive. She lived with his mother (Atiqah Hasiholan). The arrival of a visiting (Reza Rahadian) from Jakarta raised problems to her. She was always haunted by the image in the mirror that bring her the confident that his father still alive.

“The Mirror Never Lies” tells the story Bajo tribes who live in the sea. Wakatobi as the islands are inhabited by Bajo. Pakis, Lumo and their innocence with an exotic island in the background of Wakatobi which forces us to laugh or vice versa. Fern, tough little girl, the kind of conflict of interest between the “courage of her father and desire to continue living”, especially her mother.

We will see the contours of white sandy beach, the beauty of coral reefs during the day, ornamental fishes, sunsets or terrace overlooking the sea water, with a silhouette of the sun fading twilight. All packed with slick. This film managed to lift the facts and fascination of the charm of coral reefs and beaches on the islands of Wakatobi charming.

“The sea is my father’s house, all is my future”, Lumo said, a small figure that is very much alive in the film. The scene in this movie very rich dimensions of community life Wakatobi.

In one scene we will see a traditional fish market, the fishermen who go home, mothers who seek sea urchins or children ran from house to house on the water up. And also silence. Only water is splashing.

For those who have an experience with Language Bajo do not be surprised because the language used in the film is the dominant language Bajo. Words such as lobster / Kalora, bungko / turtles, langkoe, dormitories, Lille, dinde, napanggeku, Daha marebe will always be present.

Hugua’s Factor

The film, directed by Kamila Andini, Garin Nugroho’s eldest daughter, the story takes 3 years to work on this film. There are two messages that successfully delivered the film, the charm of the Wakatobi Bajo community and community life.

For me, the actor behind the success of this film is Hugua, Head of Wakatobi District. A man with a brilliant package of natural resources strategy, promoting values ​​of society and of course competition in the world of marine tourism with the best marketing strategy.

Hugua has successfully put message in this movie to promote the beauty of underwater of Wakatobi by involving famous figures as Garin Nugroho, including environmental organization such as WWF and the Forestry Department of Indonesia which has the authority management in the park .

I would say, Hugua is the real actor in this film.


Illegal Fishing Threatens Marine Ecosystem [part 3]

Coral Reefs (Sources: Wikipedia)

If there is no significant action to ban destructive fishing practice across Spermonde, the continuation of the coral reef destruction could be as serious as deforestation, which had been discussed at the UN Climate Change Conference in Bali. The level of coral reef degradation from 10 percent to 50 percent is an indication of the severity of the crisis.

If there is no significant effort from government and nongovernmental organizations to deal with the problem, we will lose our priceless marine resources and ecosystem forever. There is a lack of pressure on or criticism of the existing law enforcement systems in South Sulawesi and Sulawesi Barat waters.

Many of those who use destructive fishing practices could not put on trial due to a lack of evidence. This is a big challenge to the Indonesian court as reported by a local NGO in Makassar. There are many records of fatalities caused by bombs. For instance, in 2001, 3 fishermen were killed in Papandangan Island. In 2002, a fisherman was also killed while dynamite fishing. Intercommunity conflicts arise day by day. Horizontal conflicts between Papandangan Island fishermen and other illegal fishermen accompanied by police officers occur due to conflict of interest for fishing ground occupation.

A lack of commitment from the legal authorities is the major reason why destructive fishing practices continue across Spermonde.

Amid the grieve situation, however, there are self-help groups seeking to improve the situation in Spermonde. These groups actively seek information about the impacts of destructive fishing methods on coastal reefs.

They also learn alternative methods, such as environmental-friendly seaweed culture and sea-ranch culture practices. The self-help groups face great challenges because they are pressured by local fishermen, who use bombs and are mostly supported by local law enforcement officers. At least, a small initiative has begun.


Illegal Fishing Threatens Marine Ecosystem [part 2]

Impact of fish bombing activity (Wikipedia)

Based on my fieldwork since 1996 in eastern Indonesia, the role of a local economic institution called “Punggawa Sawi” (patron-client) is important in sustaining such practices. The crews in the fishing boats (generally poor fishermen) rely on the instructions given by their supervisors or the boat owners. The “big boss” tends to instruct the crew to increase the catch by any means.

For example, in Kapoposang Island, Barrang Caddi Island and the Galesong coastal region near Makassar, about 50 percent of the fishermen’s incomes come from destructive fishing practices. They mainly catch the fish using dynamite or poisons.

Research indicates the damage to coral reefs is also caused by illegal fishing, anchoring, coral bleaching and siltation. It is an irony that the dynamite fishing has intensively continued. Most big fishermen use bombs, dynamite or poisons to catch high-value fishes, such as snappers and lobsters. According to research, 2.83 percent of the 7,569 boats operating in Spermonde have used illegal fishing techniques; of these, 86.5 percent used dynamite and 10.8 percent poison (sources: YKL Indonesia and DFW Indoesia). Despite the restrictions last issued by the local authorities, there are many indications of the expansive use of dynamite by fishermen in the outer islands. Although in some cases the fishermen risk their own lives, such methods have remained popular.

“To date, there is no significant effort from government, especially from prosecutors or police to ban this practice,” said Irman Idrus, chairman of Destructive Fishing Watch in Jakarta. “The stories of destructive fishing are continuing due to potential corruption, collusion and nepotism (called KKN). Indonesian authorities consider the fishermen who conduct dynamite fishing or fish bombings as someone who is keeping or hiding the bombs, referring to a conventional law. They never want to seek an explanation about impacts on coral reef destruction and/or to disclose the whole network.”

Spermonde is also acknowledged as the domain of potential fishery activities across Sulawesi-Nusa Tenggara-Bali (called the triangle of dynamic waters) and has been colored by conflicts and complex management issues. Social and environmental conditions in this area have been worsening. The complexity can be seen from the fierce competition between traditional fishermen against modern fishermen supported by big and rich fish traders, and sometimes by local authorities or prosecutors.

Illegal Fishing Threatens Marine Ecosystem [part 1]

Coral reefs (Photo: Wikipedia)

For centuries, the people of Western Sulawesi coastal areas have depended on marine ecosystems for their food and livelihood. There is a huge ecosystem region called Spermonde Islands located between the main islands of Kalimantan and Sulawesi.

There are 126 small islands spread across this region with a population of more than 50,000. Today, however, coastal communities in Spermonde are worried, as their marine resources have decreased rapidly due to destructive fishing and natural sedimentation from urban disposal and rivers. Some people want to control illegal fishing and at the same time to find alternative sources for their income.

Of the 350 coral species living in Indonesia, 250 were found across Spermonde. This area covers 150 square kilometers of coral reefs. The population has shown a high dependency on coastal resources. Unfortunately, coral fishes have been intensively exploited by destructive fishing practices such as using explosives and poisons.

The use of explosives and poisons has been a tradition for years. Fishermen use bottled-bombs to increase their catch. Based on research, one bottled-bomb will destroy 5 square meters of reef. More-powerful bombs are even more dangerous. The bombs also destroy young benthic species.

The bottle-bomb or dynamite fishing practice started after World War II and has been a big destroyer of coral reefs. For fishermen, increasing their incomes is the main reason to resort to such practices. They do not realize that by destroying the coral reefs they are destroying the next generation’s assets, worth up to US$306,800 per kilometer, for 20 years, according to the latest estimation.

[to be continued]

Barcelona Juara, Semoga MU (tak) Jera!

Selebrasi Kemenangan (Foto: Kompas)

Barcelona akan menang selisih dua gol, kata seorang pengunjung dari Costa Rica di website UEFA. Seorang lainnya dari Ghana menuliskan, Barcelona akan memang 2-0 atas MU”. Saya pun demikian, memperkirakan selisih gol akan lebih besar untuk tim dari Catalan ini.

Walau hanya Juventus FC yang terpatri di hati, di laga final Champion Eropa tahun ini, saya jagokan Barcelona. MU tidak. Beberapa kawan dekat saya kirimi pesan bahwa skor akan telak untuk Barcelona. Yang di Wakatobi, di milis Komunitas Blogger Anging Mammiri, di group BBM ISLA Unhas, di Twitter dan FB semua tahu saya menjagokan Barcelona.


Mungkin berlebihan tapi jika Anda penonton liga Eropa semisal Inggris, Italia atau Spanyol maka performa Barcelona di lapangan hijau adalah yang terbaik. Mereka kompak, ciamik dan menakjubkan memainkan bola. Manchester United boleh juara di EPL tahun ini, tapi Barcelona adalah pengecualian.

Bukan karena sosok Messi, Iniesta atau Xavi, tetapi bagaimana mereka sebagi satu tim dengan kolektifitas permainan, mental dan kerjasama antar lini yang sangat efektif. Madrid yang melempem bersama Maurinho dan si sombong Ronaldo hanya jadi pengekor di Liga Spanyol. Barca adalah si Jawara.

Kemenangan atas Manchester United FC 3-1 di Wembley Stadium adalah gelar ke-4 Barcelona di altar Champion Eropa. Tiga gol dari Pedro Rodriguez, Lionel Messi dan David Villa hanya mampu dibalas satu sontekan dari Wayne Rooney. Skor ini sepertinya sangat mudah diprediksi.

Kinerja Javier Mascherano, yang menggantikan Carles Puyol serta Abidal di bek kiri mampu mematikan kreasi si Korea Park Ji Sung, Valencia dan Nani. Para pemain tengah Barcelona seperti hendak memamerkan permainan bola dari kaki ke kaki. Lincah terukur dan buat mati kutu pemain tengah MU.

Gol Pedro adalah buah manis umpan Xavi si jenderal.  Lalu dua gol indah dari Messi dan Villa menjadi bukti bahwa Barcelona adalah yang terbaik tahun ini di liga Eropa. Berkaca dari statistik pertandingan terllihat pada target untuk terciptanya gol pada Barcelona 12 sedang MU hanyua 1 jelas menjadi tanda kelebihan Barca.

Sesumbar beberapa pemain MU sebelum laga yang akan menjungkalkan anak asuh Pep serta arogansi fans yang mengerdilkan kemampuan Messi, kini jera dengan skor telak itu. MU mesti berkaca lagi! Jumlah korner 6 dan MU nihil. Ball Possesion 63% untuk Barca dan 37% untuk MU sekali lagi jadi penegas.

Jadi wajar jika Nemanja Vidic, kapten MU malam itu mengakui Barcelona lebih baik dari mereka. Barcelona yang diarsiteki Pep Guardiola ini juara di Wembley Arena, Inggris. Juara di depan Michael Platini, warga Perancis pemimpin UEFA sekalligus mantan Juventinian!